Extreme poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 1990. While this is a remarkable achievement, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.25 a day.
ICT’s can be used to increase efficiency, competitiveness and market access for SME, enhancing the creation of new jobs, can change and invigorate old occupations, and add new public services. ICT’s can connect the need and demand for jobs as the first step to employment.
If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting people-centered rural development and protecting the environment.
ICT’s can facilitate access to timely information to trigger rapid responses to combat hunger, managing the procurement, storage and distribution of essential food. It can also support the modernization of the agriculture and the empowerment of rural farmers.
Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing child and maternal mortality.
ICT’s can support e-health policies and strategies with regard to telemedicine, health education and dissemination of preventive information for general public, remote diagnostics and quality, efficiency and cost effectiveness of health service delivery.
Obtaining a quality education is the foundation to improving people’s lives and sustainable development. Major progress has been made towards increasing access to education at all levels and increasing enrolment rates in schools.
ICT’s can facilitate educational delivery at all levels of the educational system, widening the access and reducing the physical and social barriers to education. It supports the improvement of the educational management and contributes to the schools’ modernization.
While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination.
ICT’s can address various types and levels of gender inequalities within the society and economy by providing the same level of access to information and opportunities for men and women. ICT also provides mobile services to fight gender violence.
Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in. Due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, every year millions of people die from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
ICT’s can support mapping and monitoring of water infrastructure, facilitate mobilization, planning and allocation of resources. It also provides the monitoring of service provision, water supply, water quality and water use management.
Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential.
ICT’s and energy efficiency can be connected in two ways: “Greening of ICT” and “Greening through ICT”. ICT’s enabled solutions such as smart grids, smart buildings, and smart logistics can play a major role towards an energy efficient future, reducing global GHG emissions.
Roughly half the world’s population still lives on the equivalent of about US$2 a day. And in too many places, having a job doesn’t guarantee the ability to escape from poverty.
ICT is transforming traditional employment sectors as well as creating brand new employment opportunities in areas such as social media management, gaming and the mobile apps economy, information technology outsourcing (ITO) or business process outsourcing (BPO).
Investments in infrastructure – transport, irrigation, energy and information and communication technology – are crucial to achieving sustainable development and empowering communities in many countries.
“Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure” leads to “Responsible Consumption and Production”, for this reason, ICT plays a crucial role in providing affordable and increased access to information, enabling research and diffusion of new sustainable technologies and solutions.
The most vulnerable nations, the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states, continue to make inroads into poverty reduction.
The greater potential for ICT’s to reduce inequality rests on Internet use. By facilitating a broad and easy access to Internet, ICT can address health, education and economic inequalities by focusing on most marginalized groups or regions.
The challenges cities face can be overcome in ways that allow them to continue to thrive and grow, while improving resource use and reducing pollution and poverty. The future we want includes cities of opportunities for all.
ICT’s can play a significant role to reduce the carbon footprint of cities by moving to a more intelligent use of energy but also connecting various “smart” realms of activities like electric mobility, eHealth, eCare, and eGovernance.
Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less”, increasing net welfare gains from economic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life-cycle.
ICT’s have the potential to foster sustainable consumption and production through product-specific improvements, increased dematerialization and virtualization, and the implementation of smart technologies in various sectors of the economy.
Sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” increasing net welfare gains from economic activities by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life-cycle.
ICT plays a crucial role in sharing climate and weather information and in forecasting and early warning systems. ICT’s can assist climate change stakeholders working at the international, national and sectoral and community levels to enhance their work.
Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea.
ICT is already playing an important role in communicating water related scientific knowledge effectively. Geographic Information Systems and remote sensing provide opportunities for water monitoring and sustainable management of marine and coastal systems.
Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.
The protection, conservation, and restoration of terrestrial ecosystems can’t be achieved without real time and accurate information. Satellite-based monitoring delivers timely and accurate data on a global basis, while local sensors can deliver on the spot updates in real-time.
Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.
ICT’s can play an important role in crisis management, humanitarian aid and peace building. The growing use of open data by governments’ increases transparency, empowers citizens, and helps to drive economic growth.
A successful sustainable development agenda requires partnerships between governments, the private sector and civil society built upon principles and values, a shared vision, and shared goals that place people and the planet at the center.
The spread of ICT’s and global interconnectedness has great potential to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies by enhancing international cooperation and coordination; promoting technology transfer and forging multi-stakeholder partnerships.